Pan African Journal of Life Sciences(PAJOLS)

A publication of Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences and Faculty of Basic Clinical Sciences,
Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso

e-ISSN: 2672-5924
Volume 6, No. 2, August 2022
Pages 447-452

DOI: 10.36108/pajols/2202/60.0220

Molecular detection and risk factors associated with Trichomonas vaginalis infection among pregnant women in Osogbo and Ede, Southwest Nigeria
Sandra O. Onakhinor 1*, Mohammed A. Rufai1, Olabanji A. Surakat1, Kamilu Fasasi1, Nzeako O. Sidney2, Oluwadamilare G. Dauda1, Monsuru A. Adeleke1
1Department of Zoology, Faculty of Basic and Applied Sciences, Osun State University, Osogbo, Nigeria
2Department of Animal and Environmental Biology, University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.


Background: Trichomoniasis is the most prevalent curable sexually transmitted disease globally. This study provides information on the prevalence and risk factors of Trichomoniasis among pregnant women in primary healthcare centres in Osogbo and Ede areas in Osun State, Nigeria.
Methodology: High vaginal swab samples were obtained from 145 consenting pregnant women using sterile swab sticks and analysed through microscopic examination and PCR diagnostic techniques. Questionnaires were administered to investigate the participants’ socio-demographic characteristics, hygiene practices, and knowledge and practices (KAP) about trichomoniasis.
Result: The overall prevalence of trichomoniasis was 0%, as no trophozoite was detected in any sample. There was no statistical difference between the number of sexual partners, occupation, family type, and previous sexually transmitted infections. Many of the respondents (89.7%) were ignorant of this disease and its transmission mode.
Conclusion: The molecular technique employed in this study has further confirmed the zero prevalence of trichomoniasis in the study area and may be a promising diagnostic test.
Keywords: Trichomoniasis, laboratory diagnosis, Risk factors, Pregnant women, Osun State


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