PAN AFRICAN JOURNAL OF LIFE SCIENCES
Volume 4, No. 3, December 2020
Dinucleotide (AC)n Repeat Polymorphism (rs36213840) in the Promoter Region of IL18R1 Gene and Genetic Susceptibility to Severe Malaria
Segun I. Oyedeji1*, Ikenna M. Odoh2, Peter U. Bassi3, Henrietta O. Awobode4
1Molecular Genetics and Parasitology Unit, Department of Animal & Environmental Biology,
Federal University Oye-Ekiti, Oye-Ekiti, Nigeria.
2University Health Centre, Federal University Oye-Ekiti, Oye-Ekiti, Nigeria
3Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University of Abuja, Abuja, Nigeria.
4Parasitology Unit, Department of Zoology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
Background: Cytokines are key regulator s of human immune response to malaria but polymorphisms within the regulatory or coding regions of their genes may lead to differences in expression levels which may consequently influence disease susceptibility. In this study, we characterized an adeninecytosine (AC)n dinucleotide repeat polymorphism (rs36213840) at the promoter region of the Interleukin 18 Receptor 1 (IL18R1) gene and investigated its association with severe malaria.
Methods: We utilised the case-control study design to enrol a total of 207 children including 87 severe malaria cases and 120 asymptomatic controls. DNA was extracted from blood spot on filter paper using QIAamp® DNA Mini Kit (Qiagen, Hilden, Germany). Genotyping for dinucleotide repeat polymorphisms was done by PCR and capillary electrophoresis of sequenced products on ABI PRISM® 3100 DNA sequencer (PE Applied Biosystems).
Results: The genotype frequencies of the dinucleotide repeats differed significantly between the two groups (χ2 = 8.69, P=0.026). We found a significantly higher frequency of the 14bp (AC)7 allele in severe malaria patients than in asymptomatic controls (odds ratio 1.945, 95% CI: 1.23 – 3.09, P = 0.005) while the frequency of the 16bp (AC)8 allele was significant higher in the asymptomatic controls than in severe cases (odds ratio 0.431, 95% CI: 0.244 – 0.761, P = 0.004).
Conclusion: Results of this suggest that the 14bp (AC)7 dinucleotide repeats might be a genetic risk
factor for susceptibility to severe malaria while the 16bp (AC)8 dinucleotide repeats might be a protective factor against severe malaria
Keywords: Dinucleotide repeat polymorphism, Malaria, Microsatellite, Interleukin 18 receptor ,