PAN AFRICAN JOURNAL OF LIFE SCIENCES
Volume 4, No. 3, December 2020
Predictors of Ownership/Utilisation Indicators of Long-lasting Insecticide Nets in the Bamendankwe Health Area of Cameroon: A Cross-Sectional Study
Nchang F. Cho1,2,3*; Ngum P. Fru4,5*; Fri S. Munguh6; Menyi B. Cho6; Kofon P. Jokwi6; Neh C. Fru7; Nde P. Fon4,8; Andrew Tassang9, 10, 11; Same A. Ekobo12,13
1Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon.
2Infectious Disease Laboratory (IDL), Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon.
3Central African Network for Tuberculosis, HIV/AIDs and Malaria (CANTAM), University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon.
4Department of Public Health and Hygiene, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon.
5District Health Service Tiko, South West Regional Delegation of Health, Ministry of Health, Cameroon.
6Catholic School of Health Sciences, Saint Elizabeth Hospital Complex, Shisong-Nso, Cameroon.
7Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon.
8Solidarity Hospital, Buea-Cameroon.
9Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon.
10Buea Regional Hospital Annex, Cameroon.
11Atlantic Medical Foundation, Mutengene-Cameroon.
12Faculty of Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon.
13Faculty of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Douala, Cameroon.
Background: Long-lasting Insecticide Nets (LLINs) are effective in the prevention of malaria, but universal utilisation continues to be declining in parts of Cameroon. This study aimed to explore the predictors and incidences of LLINs ownership/ utilisation in a semi-urban community in the Bamenda Health District (BHD). .
Methods: A cross-sectional survey involving 448 randomly selected household heads was conducted between March and April 2018 in the BHD. Data on LLINs ownership and utilisation were collected with structured questionnaires. Multivariate analysis was used to establish the predictors of LLINs utilisation and ownership.
Results: Household owner ship of at least one LLINs and universal usage was 93.3% and 43.1% respectively.
Conclusion: The utilisation of LLINs was low and had no significant association with ownership. Continuous educational efforts and monitoring schemes with specific emphasis on vulnerable groups should be stepped up.
Keywords: Long-Lasting Insecticide Nets, Ownership of LLINs, Utilisation of LLINs, Predictors,